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Flora is quite various and rich: indeed there are about 1200 species. In the warmest and driest areas there are also some Mediterranean species to add those – more renowned – that are in Europe. But to botanists, these woods are full of discoveries, as the recent evidences of a rare fern and a new orchid may confirm.
In the Park, apart the numerous species of animals, four ungulates live there: roe deer, deer, fallow deer and wild boars. There are about 5000 roe deer in the whole area of the Park. Roe deer exemplars are few because of the predation by wolf and also because of harsh winters and the contests of deer. Fallow deer has been introduced since 1835 because Grand Duke Leopoldo II's hunting. Then, it has been reproducing and above all, in the lowest parts of Romagna area of the Park. Nowadays, farmers hate the fallow deer for the damages it causes in the fields. Also moufflon was introduced during the 50's and 60's by the Corps of foresters, but nowadays it seems it has been vanished for its weak adaptability in the environment and after the coming back of wolf, it has also become a desirable prey. As regards wild boar, there was no trace until twenty years ago. During the early 70's, it has be reintroduced for hunting and nowadays it is the main prey of wolf.